What Does Tim Berners-Lee Have to Do With The Semantic Web? (6c)
Last Update: Oct 14, 2022
WHAT IS THE SEMANTIC WEB?
In the last two posts, 6a and 6b, we learned that various web cycles matched up, more or less, with new and newer technologies that allowed the internet to expand and grow. We have so far discussed Pre-Internet, Web 1.0 and Web 2.0.
First I need to fill in some blanks I left in the previous discussion. To clarify a bit on ARPANET and its precedent to the internet, I asked FrankB-1, our resident Guitar Man, also an MD, etc., to allow me print his comment on my last post:
"I’ll add a few things.
Regarding ARPANET, ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) eventually became DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency).
Tim Berners-Lee Invented the World Wide Web while working at CERN in the late 1980s.
As a medical student, right about that time, I used a Commodore Amiga to create the very first two-dimensional cardiac MRI images while I was doing a biomedical engineering fellowship for my Master’s degree.
At that time there was only one MRI machine in Rhode Island that traveled from hospital to hospital in a trailer.
We created the first three-dimensional cardiac reconstructions on a Sun Workstation at Brown University.
I presented that research at the American College Of Physicians and won a 1 Million dollar 10-year research grant for Brown.
All these years later we finally have the MRI technology and software to make cardiac MRI clinically useful.
I still have that Amiga 3000 in my music room and it still runs! 😎
I wanted Frank's comment for two reasons, a clarification on the beginning of ARPA, the beginning of the internet, and Tim Berners-Lee's role in it all. I also went and did a more in depth review and answered a lot of my own questions. It has been a hard study because there is so much overlap in the science, the technologies, and the timelines. I hope you are enjoying the history.
On the history of the Amiga computer, that isn't as important as the role it played for Frank in his medical school papers. That's pretty impressive stuff, Frank. Congratulations on your accomplishments and for keeping the Amiga (1987) running.
Does it matter to us in our current pursuits? It did for me. It suits my analytic personality. I need all my ends tied up neatly. Beyond that, I have a much better understanding of Google's mind, where it's been, where it is, and yes, where it is going. That is not where I started with this article, but that will be where I end up, perhaps in the next installment.
Stay tuned for what Google is up to in the next article.WHO KNEW? NOT ME.
Turns out there's a difference between the internet and the world wide web, i.e., WWW. After digging deeper into this subject, the history of the Internet, I know a bunch of neat things.
The headline reads: "In 1989, Berners-Lee invented the world wide web. ....
Here is shortened synopsis of the timeline for Pre-Web, Web 1.0 up to the 2000s and Web 2.0. From the Internet Hall of Fame, some words theirs, some words mine:
1957: USSR launches Sputnik.
1958: Bill Labs invents modem (modulator-demodulator) which converts digital signals to electrical (analogue) and back, which enables communication between computers.
1958: In response to Sputnik, U.S. Government, creates ARPA.
In the meantime packet switching using giant mainframe computers gets developed. Note an eight-year span.
1966: The ARPAnet project gets underway.
1968: Introduction of hypertext.
1969: Interface Message Processor (IMP) links four universities.
1970-1979: Key internet protocols implemented.
1972: Roy Tomlinson of BBN (became a subsidiary to Raytheon in 2009) invents email to send messages across distributed networks. "The sign is chosen from the punctuation keys on Tomlinson's Model 33 Teletype to separate local from global emails, making "user@host" the email standard.
1973: Alan Emtage pioneers first internet search engine, Archie.1973: TCP/IP Protocol.
1974: Top-level domain naming schemes of .com, .edu, .gov,.mil, .org.
1981: The Internet comes to the library and initiates public access. (my daughter was born 8/89.) That was a good year.
1987: "Hitchhiker's Guide to the internet" by Ed Kroll, touted as one of the first non-technical guides to the internet.
1989: Finally, at CERN, the European Physical Laboratory, Tim Berners-Lee creates the world-wide-web, i.e., www.
And so, I discovered the internet and the world-wide-web, though in many people's minds are interchangeable, are not. Apparently, the Internet does not equal the Web.
Wait there's more.
1991: Al Gore creates a bill to fund the "Information Superhighway" and the "High-performance Computing and Communications Act of 1991 (the Gore Bill). And this is why he said he created the internet.
We are living in the midst of Web 2. O. But we are moving forward into Web 3.0 without having even noticed.
In the spirit of review, Web 2.0 (1990's-2022, relatively speaking) is/was expressed in an explosion of digital products, services, and social networks that range from Google Maps to Facebook, to Wealthy Affiliate.
You’re doing a wonderful job with your history of the evolution of the Internet and World Wide Web series!
Sorry you’re having challenges with getting your content posted correctly.
My first experience with the Internet was around 1975 when I was earning my bachelors degree in chemistry.
After enrolling in a graduate school course on approximation theory the math professor set me up with an .edu account.
Correspondence with departments from other universities on the Internet was very primitive.
Everything was ASCII based and a standardized nomenclature was being developed to be able to represent things like mathematical functions, differential equations, and integrals.
Things were generally combersome and any rudimentary graphics were cleverly portrayed using ASCII characters.
There was no WWW or Windows. It was all done in pre MS-DOS mainframe command line interpreter language.
We programmed in FORTRAN using IBM punch cards, huge stacks of them.
It’s truly amazing how far we have come.
You should end this series of blog posts by talking about quantum computing.
And going back to the real start of it all, it would be remiss not to mention it was Alan Turing whose work on Turning Machines led to what came to be known as the “computer.”
His work broke the German Enigma code, which led to the end of WW-II.
Alan’s concepts of Turing Tests are still used in the development of microprocessor technology.
Keep on Rockin’ 🤘
Thanks, Frank. The college course you're speaking of, I'm pretty sure that is the one I took that I spoke of in the previous post. Thanks for the tips. I remember those names DOS and Fortran. I started a course in programming, but I just couldn't get it, or at least not fast enough to keep up. I remember the name Turing too, but I don't know why. I'll check him out. Yes, quantum computing will be fun. Did you read Dan Brown's latest book, "Origin"? If not, do. It's full of this kind of stuff, meticulously researched, and very entertaining.
Approximation theory deals with error optimization of mathematical functions in the domain of finite topology.
That Internet experience was pre-DOS.
Let me know if you’d like some research papers on Turing Machines, the Turing Test hypothesis, and quantum computing.
With quantum computing, look into quantum superposition, entanglement, and tunneling.
Check out D Wave, a Canadian company that designs and sells quantum computers. I bought shares in their company several years ago.
Always learning something new from your posts, Donna. And thanks for the share from Frank as well.
Thank you, Susan. If you read my rant to Jeffrey, you know half of the post did not publish. I am fairly sure it did not like a picture I took and pasted into Word, because I couldn't get our blog post editor to center it properly. Then I pasted the whole thing back into the blog post. It all looked good, but it stopped at the picture. Luckily I did copy the ending back into Word. So, I guess I'll start a new one. I appreciate all of you who read my posts and my rants.
I did, Donna. Many have had frustrations blogging lately due to the changes, but things seem to be settling down. Always enjoy reading your thoughts. 😊
The image upload problem on the WA blog editor has been corrected.
If you continue to use Word, I suggest transferring your text to the WA blog and then adding your images. They should now load normally.
However, if you’re still having a problem you can use my work-around.
I was placing my images in the center of a 950x950 pixel square and removing the upper and left borders, with about 15% white space on the right and bottom.
This allows the image to fill the WA blog page without truncating any part of it.
Hopefully you will find that your problem has been resolved.
Thanks, Frank. I'll give that a try. I saved a copy of the missing text in Word. Parts of it will appear in the upcoming post. I won't be using the photo. I deleted it everywhere. I'm sure it's unrelated, but my phone is messed up now too. I can't get it to send photos to my email. I can get emails from myself, but not photos.
I keep trying new programs, this time "CleanEmail" to stop so many emails. It's a huge and complicated (for me) program. And so it goes. Thanks for the tip.
P.S. My husband was duly impressed with your music post and guitar collection.
Try closing all the apps running on your phone, then update them, shut the phone completely off and restart it. You can also try changing email apps.
Ensure the photos are not too large to be received by your email platform. You can try using Google Drive for that.
I'm so glad your husband enjoyed my music post! 😎
Do you play an instrument(s)?
Some interesting stuff here, Donna!
Thanks for the excellent share. and the blurb for Frank.
Hi Jeffrey, thank you for you vote of confidence. Now, do you know where the edit button is, because this just cut off half my post. I have lost it by some unseen force blowing it up twice and then I copied everything, but just now it did not publish the whole post. I cannot figure out what happened yet. Three weeks working on this damn thing ought to be enough.
The Gear wheel might be below your first image, Donna, all the way to the right of the tool bar.
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Wow you brainiac… 😉😀
Hey there, Caroline. Thanks for taking the time to read and comment. I started something a while back (It started with a Facebook article) and now I can't get it finished. But stay tuned.
Hello Delilah, I’ve had my head down trying to learn something new so that I can improve my content. Tonight it finally clicked. So I’m going to enjoy a bit of pampering. I look be staying tuned lovely 😊