Nanotechnology has emerged as ‘the latest technological advances’; the ‘driving force’ to manipulation of materials in terms of ‘physical, chemical and biological properties’.
It not only provides ‘human capabilities on technological front’; its power shift in renewable energy and sustainability is highly efficient.
Nano-materials positively contribute to energy savings through ‘efficient distribution and power transmission’. Its ‘smart glass and electrochromic windows’ of nano-materials built maximize solar power to heating premises.
Nano-materials help enhance the capacity of batteries, solar and fuel cells to superconductive in energy supply; and storage as super-capacitors.
Nanotechnology in ICT research and development is vital in the past 20 years; ‘in both academia and industry’.
Presently, ‘quantum effects’ for the development of ‘integrated circuits’ are challenges now facing the ‘miniaturization path’ of Nano-size materials.
Improvised new approaches to nanotechnology capabilities will be needed to exploiting and ‘creating new methods of data storage and processing’; to precisely determine ‘quantum properties’.